Read about the various types of furniture polish, polishing furniture and wood furniture polish.
It is necessary to polish wooden furniture once a
year. But it is often difficult to decide what type of polish to use on
wooden furniture. The chief concern is whether the polish you use will
damage the wooden furniture. Most often the manufacturers do not reveal
the chemical ingredients of polishes. And these ingredients are changed
without notice. These ingredients may damage wooden furniture. Polishes
are available in the market in three forms, aerosol or spray, liquid and
semisolid. Given below in a brief description of each type and its
advantages and disadvantages.
Spray Polishes or Aerosols
- Though they are the handiest polishes they are the most damaging.
They damage wooden furniture as they have silicone oils and other
contaminants as their ingredients.
- Some sprays damage varnishes and lacquers.
- These are easy to use as well. They are available in two types
emulsion polishes and oil type polishes.
- Emulsion polishes are waxes, oils and organic solvents in a water
solution so that it can be applied easily on the furniture.
- Emulsion polishes clean extremely well and leaves a nice shine on
the wooden surface. But this effect lasts only till the liquid
- Oil polishes come in two types nondrying oils and drying oils.
Oil polishes can be used as the final finish.
- Nondrying oils like paraffin, lemon oil and mineral are less
harmful than drying oils. Some oils remain on the surface it has
been used. As a result dust and other contaminants stick to the wet
- Drying oils like linseed oil and walnut oil dry on the wooden
surface by oxidation. This is a chemical reaction and over a period
of time is difficult to remove.
- These polishes are the best as the damage done to the wooden
surface is minimum.
- They are commercially known as "Paste Waxes" and are
very stable and do not cause problems like the other type of waxes.
- Furniture conservators and other furniture experts use paste
- Applying this polish involves a lot of physical labor. Buffing
wax is a strenuous job and better the quality of wax, greater the
amount of buffing required. The extra effort is worth it as it is
beneficial to the furniture.
- As this polish is stable and durable it needs to be applied
infrequently. Wax polish areas that are used very often once or
twice a year and areas like the legs of tables and chairs, cabinets
etc can be polished once in three or four years.
- Wax should not be applied frequently as there will be a build up
of wax that will look unattractive on a wooden surface.
Though it is easy to use liquid polishes they damage
the furniture. It is better to make the extra effort and apply wax on
the furniture, as it will benefit the wood.