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Read this article for information on education system in China, education opportunities for foreign students in China and the academic scenario in China.

Education System In China

The history of education in China began with the birth of the Chinese civilization. It began as noble parents who set up institutions for their offspring. After the defeat of the Chinese Empire in the opium Wars, the natives wanted a modern Western education system in the areas of foreign languages, national defense and new techniques of industrial production. In the late 90's, came the establishment of institutes such as the Peking University and the Jiaotong University. Currently, the education system of China has spread its wings to different parts of the world. It comprises of preschools, kindergartens, schools for the handicapped, key schools (similar to college preparatory schools), primary schools, secondary schools and various reputed institutions for higher learning. The Compulsory Education Law, effective from July 1st 1986 has established specific requirements and deadlines for mandatory education to the less fortunate. Look below for an idea academic procedures in China.

Education opportunities For Foreign Students In China

Elementary Structure
The 'Compulsory Education Law' stipulates that each and every child must undergo 9 years of compulsory education. In China, the education system is categorized into three levels: basic, higher and adult.
  • Basic Education
As the name suggests, basic education is imparted in the early stages of a child's life. It includes preschool, primary and regular secondary education. Preschool or kindergarten (3 years course) is where children have to enter around the age of 3. Then they get admitted into elementary school at the age of 6. During primary education, the syllabus contains core subjects such as Chinese, math, history, geography and science. It also focuses on elementary, moral and political education along with emphasis laid on physical education. Regular secondary education is a continuation of primary school with subjects taught at a higher level.
  • Higher Education
Before students pursue higher education, they are asked to write the 'National College Entrance Exam' to identify their talents and to help them decide their interests. The exams are held in the month of July, there are separate ones for science and humanities. Accordingly, students consult the respective departments and list their priorities. Admissions are given on the basis of results of the entrance test and after an investigation on the candidate's moral and social behavior.
  • Adult Education
This category is basically a combination of the above two education levels. It can be organized into: worker's primary schools, peasants' primary schools and literacy classes. It focuses on entry of individuals into the job market and also, excels in the right use of their skills. There is a provision for students to study by themselves and appear for the 'State Administered Exams'.

Admission Procedures
The universities are open to foreign students who wish to pursue higher education in China. There are certain procedures to be completed in order to be eligible for admission here. Non-Chinese applicants should have completed their senior high school and achieved a good academic score.
  • Completing the application form for foreigners providing original documents of mark sheets.
  • Submitting the 'Physical Examination Records for Foreigners' and attaching the required medical and other relevant forms.
  • After completing these procedures successfully, the university will verify the documents and shortlist applications. once shortlisted, they send out an admission notice and the visa application form.
  • Following the above, the student can apply for a visa directly.
Academic Scenario In China
China holds the reputation of producing a booming rate of professionals that graduate every year. It has been seen that this East Asian country has increased its number of undergraduates and doctorates degrees, almost five fold in 10 years. In 2003, China supported about 1,552 institutions of higher learning colleges and 11 million students. In 2005, almost 1.5 million science and engineering students alone graduated from Chinese universities.

Impressed with the academic structure of China? Increase your chances of being a part of this culture and its diverse thinking. Hope this article has provided you with all the information regarding the education system of China.